The origin of the Mangalarga Marchador (MM for short) dates back from the 18th century. The first horses of this race originated by the crossbreeding of a Portuguese stallion with Berber and Andalusian mares.
These horses attracted attention due to their excellent stamina, easy to get on
With and by nature able to walk the tölt.
In Brazil the tölt is known as `MARCHA´.
The first official studbook established in 1949, Associação Brasileiro dos Criadores do Cavalo Mangalarga Marchador, abbreviated as ABCCMM numbers about 6000 breeders and has a breeding register with all 360.000 registered horses. Only horses from the age of 3 years are admitted to this breeding register and who link a pure marcha to an excellent appearance, willingness to work and a sublime character.
Horses only showing trotting or ambling are not tested and are not considered for breeding in Brazil.
The purpose of breeding is to obtain a reliable cattle driving horse that can bridge long distances, is nimble, a comfortable marcha and a good gallop and is also pleasant as a family horse.
The Mangalarga Marchadores in Brazil as a cattle driving horse on the farm, whereby together with comfortable marcha, quick turns, also are required a good galloping ability, hardness and stamina. Many qualities required in the endurance and in the western sport. The MM has, due to his Iberian background, also talent for dressage.
Appearance of the Mangalarga Marchador
The general appearance of the MM is characterised by a strong and well proportioned build, average size and noble expression. He has a light drooping muscular groin. The substructure shall be robust in order to be able to accommodate the rib case with a substantial lung volume. The pastern are strong and elastic. Tail and manes are silky. The eyes are large and expressive. The medium sized ears are conspicuous, of which the tips are lightly turned inside. The MM is furthermore a well-muscled horse with “dry” legs.
The height of the withers of a stallion varies between 1,47 m ( 4ft. 10 inches) and 1,57 m (5 ft. 2 inches ) and of a mare between 1,40 m (4 ft.7 inches) and 1,54 m ( 5ft. 1 inch).
Almost all colours are allowed with the exception of cremello, perlino and albinos. The one most occurring is the white horse.
The gaits of the Mangalarga Marchador
The MM belong to the so-called gait horses meaning that they not only have a large tread, possible trot and a very pleasant gallop, but also have control over a marcha.
In the case of this gait, from which the MM gets her name, always two or three legs have contact with the ground, whereas in the case of trotting there is a moment of floating.
Due to the absence of this floating moment in the case of the Marcha, the horseman sits quiet, almost shockproof in the saddle, which is very pleasant for the starting horsemen and people with back problems, or the ones having problems when trotting, due to physical disabilities.
There are 3 types of marcha, i.e.
- Marcha Picada
A clearly lateral gait is visible in the course of the movement in the case of this gait. The horse shows more collection and forehand action. You hear a four-stroke engine. Another name for the marcha picada is LI.
L = lateralisado.
2. The MM shows a clearly diagonal movement. The action of the forehand is
flatter and more spacious, the backhand is better accommodated. One
hears a two-stroke engine with echo. The Marcha Batida is these days also
called a DI. D = diagonalisada.
- The Marcha Media (also called Marcha do Centro, Marcha Verdadeira or
Marcha Ideal) is also a diagonal ambling gait.
In this case the spacious movement of the Batida horses is combined with the comfort of the Picada horses.
The character of the Mangalarga Marchador
The MM has a friendly and balanced character, is very willing to work and forward, and is easy to control. They are attentive without getting nervous. Due to all these characteristics the MM is honest and easy to work with and that makes this horse extremely suitable as a family horse.